Assessing the Demographic Impact of Development Projects: by A. S. Oberai

By A. S. Oberai

Little or no is at present recognized in regards to the demographic influence of so much improvement initiatives and the ways that this influence might be assessed. This publication, in accordance with reports in 3rd global nations, specializes in conceptual, methodological and coverage matters in its overview of the demographic impression of improvement initiatives. the writer examines no matter if demographic results might be assessed and why improvement planners will be attracted to the consequences. A.S. Oberai examines to what volume monetary and social levels generated via particular improvement interventions have motivated demographic habit in a specific context. He indicates how wanted results will be more advantageous and bad results minimized via policy-makers and planners in constructing nations which will take care of difficulties of inhabitants development and its distribution. the main shortcomings of present methodologies are pointed out and destiny instructions which study may possibly take are defined. The examine is predicated on a synthesis of nation experiences reviewing the demographic influence of improvement tasks conducted in Bangladesh, Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand. additionally it is analyses of the demographic impression of improvement interventions in different different international locations akin to Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, India, and Nigeria. released for the foreign Labour business enterprise

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Extra info for Assessing the Demographic Impact of Development Projects: Conceptual, Methodological and Policy Issues

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The analysis also shows that those born in the settlement have the lowest level of fertility, followed by those who came in single and those who live outside. In the absence of any base-line information, the study used a oneshot cross-sectional sample survey, comparing two dissimilar groups and also attempting to add a temporal dimension by including information on place of birth, length of stay in the community and so on. However, the fact that the control villages were too near the experimental area may have influenced the findings.

From the selected villages, 400 electrified and 200 nonelectrified households were selected randomly. The methodology adopted was thus a ‘with and without’ one at the household level. The survey was carried out from January to April 1983. 4). The data also show that about 82 per cent of the respondents in electrified households find family planning ‘acceptable’ as compared to about 73 per cent in the non-electrified households, although the percentage of respondents who actually practise family planning is almost identical in the two types of households.

Similar observations can be made with respect to the effect of the wage variables as in the case of the regression on live births during the past five years. 5 show that the variable relating to years since using electricity (YAELEC) is positively and significantly related to both the variables relating to family planning using any method (FPL AN A) and family planning using ‘modern’ methods (FPLANM). These results are consistent with those of the fertility equations. In addition to the possible effect of rural electrification on fertility and family planning through its influence on wage rates, Herrin’s study also suggested that aspirations for new lifestyles which are not consistent with continued high fertility may be an important factor in changing fertility and family planning behaviour.

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