Apocalypticism, Anti-Semitism and the Historical Jesus: by John S. Kloppenborg, John Marshall

By John S. Kloppenborg, John Marshall

Virtually all students agree that apocalyptic and millenarianism shaped no less than a part of the matrix of the tradition in first-century Jewish Palestine, yet there's a sharp war of words about the quantity to which Jesus shared apocalyptic and millenarian ideals.

Although there was greatly written protecting or opposing an 'apocalyptic Jesus', nearly not anything has been acknowledged at the questions of what, from the point of view of recent historiography of Jesus, is at stake within the factor of even if he used to be an apocalypticist or a millenarian prophet, and what's at stake in arguing that his alleged apocalypticism is a critical and defining attribute, instead of an incidental function. a lot has been stated at the type of Jew Jesus was once, yet virtually not anything is related on why the class of Judaism has turn into so important to ancient Jesus debates. those questions have much less to do with the amount and personality of the on hand historic facts than they do with the ways that the trendy critic assembles facts right into a coherent photo, and the ideological and theological subtexts of historic Jesus scholarship. students of Christian origins were fairly gradual to inquire into the ideological situation in their personal paintings as students, however it is that this query that's the most important in attaining a severe self-awareness of the bigger entailments of historic scholarship on Jesus and the early Jesus stream. This quantity starts off the inquiry into the ideological situation of contemporary old Jesus scholarship.


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Extra resources for Apocalypticism, Anti-Semitism and the Historical Jesus: Subtexts in Criticism

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After all, if Jesus the Jew turns out to be defined mainly in 29. Cited by Stark, Rise of Christianity, 53, as the first Rabbi of Berlin's Reform congregation. 30. This is of course quite different from scholarly efforts at non-normative classification, as should be obvious. ARNAL Cipher 'Judaism' in Historical Jesus Scholarship 37 terms of such things as, say, belief in God, interest in the prophetic scriptures, interest in ethical behavior, the prioritization of love of one's neighbor and one's personal duty over against the strictures of custom, and so on, then might it not turn out that Judaism could and can include and embrace everything that Christianity claims to be?

Moreover - and it is here that my sympathy with this agenda begins to wane - Jesus the Jew serves as a way to reclaim Christianity from complicity in the Holocaust; even to insulate it from this complicity. Intrinsically, then, Jesus - standing in for the whole of the 'true' and 'proper' Christian religion20 - shows that what Christianity is not, at its core, is anti-Jewish or anti-Semitic. How could it be, when its founder was a Jew? And not simply a Jew, but, apparently, a religious and identifiable Jew, a Jew of comparable kind to the Jews who have been so savagely persecuted in the last few centuries by Christians themselves?

10. Pearson, 'Gospel According to the Jesus Seminar', 42. 11. Sanders, 'Jesus, Ancient Judaism, and Modern Christianity', 54. 12. Sanders, 'Jesus, Ancient Judaism, and Modern Christianity', 34-35. 13. Vaage argues that the earliest Jesus-traditions were Cynic-like in both their ethos and their representation of Jesus and John the Baptist. See Leif E. Vaage, Galilean Upstarts: Jesus' First Followers According to Q (Valley Forge, PA: Trinity Press International, 1994). 14. Again, I mention these scholars in particular because they are most often accused of having produced a 'non-Jewish' Jesus.

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