Ancient Israel: Highlights from the Collections of the by Gabrielle V. Novacek

By Gabrielle V. Novacek

On January 29, 2005, the Oriental Institute celebrated the professional public commencing of the Haas and Schwartz Megiddo Gallery. This social gathering marked the go back of a few of the main outstanding artifacts ever excavated within the southern Levant to everlasting public demonstrate. The Oriental Institute's prolific historical past of exploration within the quarter is testomony to a long-standing scholarly ardour for discovery and the pursuit of information. This quantity attracts from the momentum generated by way of the outlet of the Megiddo Gallery and provides a variety of highlights from the Institute's better Israel assortment.

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The group includes 382 carved pieces, many of which today reside in the Oriental Institute Museum. What is perhaps most remarkable about the Megiddo ivories is the comprehensive range of cultural traditions preserved in their motifs. As a group, the ivories serve as testimony to the widespread internationalism of the Late Bronze Age. The artistic motifs of the southern Levant that we see in the Megiddo ivories reflect the fact that a local artistic tradition was much slower to develop there than in Egypt or Mesopotamia.

The term bilbil is derived from the sound that liquid makes when poured from the narrow opening of the vessel. The function of the bilbil jug seems to be reflected in the shape of the main body of the vessel which imitates the form of an upturned poppy head. There is some possibility that the jugs were used for the trade of opium and its derivatives. 15. 0 cm OIM A28014 15. edu ancient israel 16. 16. 0 cm OIM A18522 Mycenae, located about 90 km southwest of Athens in modern Greece, was the center of a civilization that dominated much of the eastern Mediterranean during the Late Bronze Age.

8 cm OIM A16497 the first urban culture in the southern Levant during the Early Bronze II–III periods, the region experienced a significant and widespread collapse. Large fortified Early Bronze Age centers like Megiddo contracted and became small, unfortified village settlements. Egypt saw a similar decline at this time and entered into the First Intermediate Period. Debating whether this 300-year-long period of decline has more in common with the preceding Early Bronze Age or succeeding Middle Bronze Age, scholars have given it several names, including the Early Bronze IV, Middle Bronze I, and the compromise Early Bronze IV / Middle Bronze I.

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