Alcohols and bioalcohols : characteristics, production, and by Angelo Basile, Francesco Dalena

By Angelo Basile, Francesco Dalena

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Once the superior microalgae strains with high starch content as well as with high direct autofermentative ethanol production ability are identified or developed, the ethanol production process could be simplified and made less energy/cost intensive. 3. CYANOBACTERIA AS A SOURCE FOR BIOETHANOL Besides microalgae, cyanobacteria can also be a better choice for bioethanol production considering some of their important characteristics: Bioethanol Production and Metabolism by Aquatic Photosynthetic Microbes 27 1) Cyanobacteria can accumulate considerable amounts of carbohydrates, which are the source for ethanol.

Bioresour. ; 77: 139–144. , (2009) ―Physical and chemical characterizations of corn stover and poplar solids resulting from leading pretreatment technologies‖. Bioresour. ; 100: 3948–3962. , Ziegenhagen D. , Rogalski J. (1999). ―Biodegradation of lignin by white rot fungi‖. Fungal Genetics and Biology; 27: 175-85. , Karimi, K. (2008) ―Pretreatment of lignocellulosic wastes to improve ethanol and biogas production: a review‖. Int. J. Mol. ; 9: 1621–1651. , Watanabe, M. (2003). ―Bioorgano solve pretreatments for simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of beech wood by ethanolysis and white rot fungi‖.

2011). Renewable energy from cyanobacteria: energy production optimization by metabolic pathway engineering. Appl. Microbiol. Biotech. 91: 471–490. Rafiqul IM, Hassan A, Sulebele G, Orosco CA, Roustaian P, and Jalal KCA. (2003). Salt stress culture of blue-green algae Spirulina fusiformis. Pakistan J. Biol. Sci. 6: 648–650. Ratledge C, and Cohen Z. (2008). Microbial and algal oils: do they have a future for biodiesel or as commodity oils? Lipid Technol. 20: 155–160. Rodjaroen S, Juntawong N, Mahakhant A, and Miyamoto K.

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