A portrait of America : the demographic perspective by John Iceland

By John Iceland

Portrait of the USA describes our nation’s altering inhabitants and examines via a demographic lens a few of our so much urgent modern demanding situations, starting from poverty and financial inequality to racial tensions and wellbeing and fitness disparities. Celebrated authorJohn Iceland covers a number of themes, together with America's ancient demographic development; the yank relatives this day; gender inequality; monetary wellbeing and fitness; immigration and variety; racial and ethnic inequality; inner migration and home segregation; and well-being and mortality.

The dialogue of those themes is expert by means of numerous assets, together with an exam of family survey facts, and through syntheses of present released fabric, either quantitative and qualitative. Iceland discusses the present concerns and controversies round those issues, highlighting their position in daily debates happening in Congress, the media, and in American residing rooms. each one bankruptcy comprises ancient historical past, in addition to a dialogue of the way styles and tendencies within the usa examine to these in peer countries.

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Nevertheless, there is tremendous diversity and considerable inequality in American communities. The “typical” women described at the beginning of the chapter—while accurately representing the modal experience of women—do not shed as much light on the considerable variation in life trajectories. Today, children of college-educated, married professionals tend to have access to excellent health care, safe neighborhoods, and good schools and will in all likelihood attend college, get married, and have reasonably well-paying jobs as adults.

S. 5 The size and composition of a country’s population are determined by the interplay of three forces: fertility, mortality, and migration. Rates of all three have changed considerably through the course of American history. Many of the changes in the United States reflect those that have occurred in all developed countries, and they collectively represent its demographic transition. According to demographic transition theory, societies typically experience a change from a regime of high fertility and high mortality to one of low fertility and low mortality.

The 2007–9 recession, which caused a spike in unemployment to 10 percent, likewise caused an increase in poverty to 15 percent in 2010. While unemployment has since declined from its peak, the decline has been slow, and unemployment remains well above the very low levels of the late 1990s. Poverty is especially high among blacks and Hispanics, those with a high school degree or less, and single-parent families. While future gains in employment will likely serve to reduce poverty, the nature of our economy and the political climate will do little to reduce income inequality in the near term.

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